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Address (URL) [top]

The location of a web site or file on the Internet.

Bandwidth [top]

The amount of information or data that can be sent over a network connection in a given period of time. Bandwidth is usually stated in bits per second (bps), kilobits per second (Kbps), or megabits per second (Mbps).

Blog [top]

A weblog (usually shortened to blog, but occasionally spelled web log) is a web-based publication consisting primarily of periodic articles (normally in reverse chronological order). Although most early weblogs were manually updated, tools to automate the maintenance of such sites made them accessible to a much larger population, and the use of some sort of browser-based software is now a typical aspect of "blogging".

Browser [top]

A software program for viewing web pages. Popular browsers include Internet Explorer and Netscape. Directory (Folder)

1. A folder on a server that contains files for viewing on the Web.
2. A collection of organized links that can be browsed or searched. A popular example is Yahoo!

Directory [top]

A directory is another name for a folder. This is a place where you can store files.

DNS (Domain Name System) [top]

Domain names (e.g. are associated with a series of numbers which allow your browser to find the server on the Internet that the site is hosted on. These series' of numbers are called IP Addresses and are made up of 4 sets of numbers, e.g. 555.22.444.11.

Domain Name [top]

Domain names are unique names you can register for use on your website and with email, e.g. A Domain name consists of a top level, e.g. ".nz", and can consist of a second level, e.g. ".co". The third level is the actual name, e.g. "mindinternet".

Download [top]

To download is to copy a file from another computer on the Internet to your computer. This includes zips, executables, mp3s, web pages and images.

CGI [top]

Abbreviation for Common Gateway Interface, a standard programmers use to run programs on web pages. Popular CGI languages are Perl and C. Common programs are search engines, registration systems, and form to email.

Cookie [top]

A file created on your computer where web pages store information about you. For example, if you login to a site, the cookie will carry your logon details around the site. Cookies most often expire to remove them from your system.

Dreamweaver (Macromedia) [top]

A WYSIWYG web page editor from Macromedia.

E-mail (Electronic Mail) [top]

An abbreviation for Electronic Mail. Email allows you to send messages quickly and instantly to other users on the Net with an email address.

FAQ [top]

Abbreviation for Frequently Asked Questions. A FAQ is a collection of commonly asked questions with answers, for your quick reference, and to reduce the amount of correspondence.

Firewall [top]

Security procedures and software that protect a LAN (local area network) or computer from hackers trying to gain access.

Flash (Macromedia) [top]

A development tool and Browser plugin for creating and viewing rich content, including video, animation, and sound.

Freeware [top]

Full-featured software that is free to use for an unlimited time.

FrontPage (Microsoft) [top]

A WYSIWYG web page editor from Microsoft.

FTP [top]

Abbreviation for File Transfer Protocol. A program for transferring files from your computer to a server on the Internet, and vice versa. FTP is most commonly used for managing files on a website.

GIF [top]

Abbreviation for Graphics Interchange Format. A file format for storing images, commonly used on the web.

Hit [top]

When a visitor to a website accesses a single file. A user will total several hits from their visit, including html pages and images.

Home Page [top]

Your website, or the page you set to load automatically when you open your browser.

HTML [top]

Abbreviation for Hypertext Markup Language. The language used to create web pages.

HTTP [top]

Abbreviation for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. A standard browsers and servers use to transfer text, images, sound, video, and other files across the Web.

Internet [top]

A worldwide network of computers using the TCP/IP protocol. In 1969 the Internet was created as the ARPANET for military communications in the event of an attack. Later, academic institutes also used it to communicate with each other. In the early nineties the World Wide Web was born, and grew to what we know as the Internet today. The Internet supports services such as the Web, email, FTP, IRC, Telnet, and media streaming.

Internet Explorer [top]

Microsoft's free Web browser.

Intranet [top]

A private network within an organization that works the same as the Internet.

IP address [top]

A series of four numbers that represent the location of a computer on the Internet. e.g. Every time you log on to the Internet your ISP gives your computer a temporary address. An Internet server has a fixed address.

ISP [top]

Abbreviation for Internet Service Provider. A company that provides access to the Internet via dial-up access, wireless, DSL etc, for a monthly fee.

JavaScript [top]

A client-side scripting language for web pages, that allows for interactivity, and form checking.

JPEG [top]

Abbreviation for Joint Photographic Experts Group. An image compression standard for still photographs that is commonly used on web pages.

Link [top]

A term used on the Internet for a clickable address or word that will send you to another page of the site you are at, or to a different Internet site.

Linux [top]

A variation on Unix developed by Linus Torvalds. Linux is a free operating system that is widely used on Internet servers, and has a loyal following in the open-source community.

Mailing List [top]

An online publication you subscribe to and receive via email.

Modem [top]

Abbreviation for Modulator-Demodulator. A computer device to connect your computer to your ISP via a telephone line by converting digital signals to analogue, and vice versa. Once connected you can send and receive data over the Internet.

Operating System (OS) [top]

The software that runs all programs on your computer or server. Popular OS?s include Windows, Linux, Mac, Unix and DOS.

Page View [top]

Every time a visitor views an html page of a website, the hit is counted as a page view.

PGP [top]

Abbreviation for Pretty Good Privacy. Software developed by Phil Zimmerman, that uses encryption to protect email and other transmissions from being read by others.

Ping [top]

Abbreviation for Packet Internet Groper. A connection testing program that sends a self-returning packet to a host and times how long it takes to return.

Search Engine [top]

A website for searching for other sites on the Internet. Popular search engines include Google, AltaVisa, and Excite.

Server [top]

A computer permanently connected to the Internet which provides such services as delivery of web pages, email, FTP, IRC, and telnet.

Shareware [top]

Software that might be limited in features or have a time use, so you can try it before you buy it.

Shopping Cart [top]

A system on a website that allows you to add items to a virtual shopping cart, and pay for them using your credit card.

Spam [top]

A jargon word for unsolicited email, a problem facing most e-mail users. Companies offering products or services often send untargeted, unsolicited email to thousands, or millions of email address in the hope of getting responses based on numbers sent. It is cheap and fast, which is why it is popular among marketers.

TCP/IP [top]

Abbreviation for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. A set of rules and standards that allow networks around the world to work together.

Telnet [top]

A protocol which allows you to sign onto a remote UNIX computer from a another computer located anywhere on the Internet.

Traffic [top]

Data transferred between a server and all other computers requesting data from it. Traffic is generally measured in megabytes or gigabytes.

UNIX [top]

Unix was developed in the late 60s as a joint venture between General Electric, AT&T Bell Laboratories, and Massachusetts Institute for Technology. UNIX grew with support from the University of California, Berkeley and other universities. As with DOS, Unix is based on a command line interface, however, graphical interfaces can be used on top of the system.

URL [top]

Abbreviation for Uniform Resource Locator. A browser uses addresses to locate sites and pages on the Web. These addresses are called URLs.

Virus [top]

Code inserted into a real program that affects a computer in an undesirable way. Viruses are commonly transferred via exe files. In order for the virus to run the file must be opened. Viruses can be received, but not executed, by deleting the file.

Virtual Host [top]

When an Internet server hosts more than one Domain name, the additional names are called Virtual Hosts.

Weblog [top]

A weblog (usually shortened to blog, but occasionally spelled web log) is a web-based publication consisting primarily of periodic articles (normally in reverse chronological order). Although most early weblogs were manually updated, tools to automate the maintenance of such sites made them accessible to a much larger population, and the use of some sort of browser-based software is now a typical aspect of "blogging".

World Wide Web (Web or WWW) [top]

A network of hyperlinked html pages and other files. The Web is accessible using a browser, and uses the HTTP protocol.


Abbreviation for What You See Is What You Get. Programs like Dreamweaver and FrontPage are WYSIWYG editors that allow you to create a web page as you will see it on the web, rather than coding it using html.